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The Pends St Andrews

The Pends Gate House

St Andrews

"The Pends" was entry to the Priory 

The Pends Gateway and Gatehouse were to protect the priory and cathedral.

It has been standing since at least the 1300's and the wall has been standing from the 1500s.

"The Pends" was entry to the Priory 

The Pends Gate House St Andrews
The Pends Gate Entrance House St Andrews
The Pends  Road wall and Gate St Andrews

St Leonards Chapel

The Pends St Andrews

St Leonards Chapel built circa 1140.

St Leonard’s chapel lies on the south side of St Leonard’s College Quadrangle.

The Chapel became the parish church in 1413, dedicated to St Leonard.

St Leonard’s College was founded in 1512 by Archbishop Alexander Stewart and

Prior John Hepburn.

St Leonard's Chapel St Andrews

St Leonard’s Chapel Monuments

Inside the Chapel can be seen monument on the north wall: Robert Wilkie, college principal, who died in 1611. Peter Bruce, principal, who died in 1630 and Robert Stewart, Earl of March who died in 1586.  Also original slabs on the floor, the earliest being Canon William Ruglyn died 1502.

St Leonard's Chapel St Andrews

St Leonard’s College

St Leonard’s College was united

with St Salvator's College on North Street

in 1747 moving to St Salvator’s at that time.

While St Leonards lay unused to 1883,

St Leonard's School for Girls became

St Leonards and moved to the site

which still occupies the school today.

The Chapel became unused by 1761

until the chapel was re-roofed in 1910,

then the interior was restored in 1952.

Sir David Brewster Plaque
 St Leonards School 

 The Pends St Andrews

Sir David Brewster KH PRSE FRS FSA Scot FSSA MICE Plaque

Born Jedburgh 1781 – Died Melrose 1868

David Brewster was the principal of the United Colleges from 1838-1859.

One of the most important inventors of our time. Inventing the Kaleidoscope and his work on polarized light helped with his development of Lasers, fibre optics and other optical devices. Other inventions were the lighthouse illuminator,

Lenticular Stereoscope, Binocular Camera and his statue can be seen in the gardens of King's Buildings Edinburgh.

He was Principal of the University of Edinburgh in 1859. A true Genius.

David Brewster Plaque St Leonards School St Andrews

Mathew Forster Heddle Plaque
 St Leonards School 

 The Pends St Andrews

Mathew was born in Hoy in Orkney in 1828 his first school was Edinburgh Academy. He moved in 1842 to Merchiston Castle boarding school Edinburgh. Then the University of Edinburgh in 1844. Moving to Germany for a short time, on his return, graduated MD in 1851. In that year he became President of the Edinburgh Geological Society. After a number of years in medicine, he became the Chair of Chemistry in 1862- 1882 of St Andrews University. 1879 he was also awarded the Keith gold medal, by the Royal Society of Edinburgh for his paper on Rhombohedral Carbonates. Published a book on Mineralogy of Scotland. He died in 1897 and is buried in St Andrews Cathedral cemetery.

David Brewster Plaque St Leonards School St Andrews

St Rules Tower

The Pends St Andrews

Circa 1070 in the time of Malcolm III

a church (St Rule’s Tower St Andrews)

 was built to protect the bones of

St Andrew that Rule had carried from Greece.

More on his journey to Scotland see

www.allaboutedinburgh.co.uk/restalrig-and-craigentinny 

Saint Triduana

St Rules Tower The Pends St Andrews

St Andrews Cathedral

The Pends St Andrews 

St Andrews Cathedral The Pends St Andrews
St Andrews Cathedral and Rules Tower

The Cathedral of St Andrews was built circa 1160 and was the religious centre of the Medieval Catholic Church in Scotland. 

It as left disused and fell into ruin after Catholic mass was outlawed in 1560.

The Scottish Reformation in Scotland came to a head with iconoclasm

(the deliberate destruction of religious icons or monuments) all over Scotland.

St Andrews was the target of the army of the Lords of the Congregation as they destroyed alters and religious icons, and whitewashed the walls the churches.

St Andrews Cathedral Wall and Tower

St Andrews Cathedral Museum

The Pends St Andrews

St Andrews Cathedral Museum

St Andrews museum is found in what

was the original Cathedral's Priory.

This is where the Augustinian Canons lived. 

See all the stone carvings headstones and other artifices.

St Andrews Cathedral Museum The Pends St Andrews
Ancient Stones Museum St Andrews
Arches in Cathedral Museum

St Andrews Cathedral Museum

The Pends St Andrews

Cathedral Museum

Royal Sarcophagus

The prize of the museum, the Royal Burial Shine from circa 761 AD. One of the finest stone carvings in Europe.

Ancient Sarcophacus St Andrews
Ancient Sarcophacus St Andrews

Morris Family Graves
The Pends St Andrews

The Graves of Tom Morris Snr and Tommy Morris Jnr both 4 times winners of The Open Championship

Tom +Tommy Morris Grave St Andrews
Tommy Morris Grave St Andrews
Tom Morris Grave St Andrews

Tommy Morris Grave

The Pends St Andrews

Tom Morris Jnr. Grave

Young Tom (Tommy) Morris was born in St Andrews Fife in Scotland on the 20 April 1851 – Died 25 December 1875

age 24 years.

If he lived he could have been one of the greats.

He is the youngest winner of 

The Open Championship at the age of 17.

Also the only one to win

4 consecutive Open Championships.

He also thought of a golf bag to carry clubs and balls, getting the idea when playing an Archer in an exhibition match.

1868         Scotland Tom Morris Jr.          Prestwick Golf Club

1869         Scotland Tom Morris Jr.          Prestwick Golf Club

1870         Scotland Tom Morris Jr.          Prestwick Golf Club

1872         Scotland Tom Morris Jr.          Prestwick Golf Club

Tom Morris Grave

The Pends St Andrews

 

Tom Morris Snr. Grave,

Old Tom Morris was born in North Street

St Andrews Fife in Scotland

 16th June 1821

A club maker, golf professional and greenkeeper.

Tom Morris returned to St Andrews in 1864

to take charge of the links,

as Keeper of the Green and professional.

Tom Morris Snr died in St Andrews

when he fell down the stairs

at the New Club near the 18th Green

on May 24th, 1908 at the age of 86.

His grave is on the eastern wall of the

churchyard of St Andrew's Cathedral beside his son.

 He also won The Open Championship 4 times.

1861         Scotland Tom Morris Sr.         Prestwick Golf Club

1862         Scotland Tom Morris Sr.         Prestwick Golf Club

1864         Scotland Tom Morris Sr.         Prestwick Golf Club

1867         Scotland Tom Morris Sr.         Prestwick Golf Club

 St Mary on the Rocks
The Pends St Andrews

St Mary on the Rocks is the remains of a church

possibly built circa 1240.

St Mary on the Rock an early medieval church,

dating to the 12th century.

Built on the site of an earlier 9th century Culdee (Scottish monks of the 8th to 12th centuries

living as a recluse usually in a group of thirteen

on the analogy of Christ and his Apostles).

The tradition ceased as the Celtic Church was brought under Roman Catholic rule.

Before 1290 St Mary on the Rock had become a collegiate church and a royal chapel.

The church was built on a headland that overlooks St Andrews bay and the harbour.

St Mary on the Rock was demolished in 1559

and today only the foundations which were uncovered in 1860 can be seen.

St Mary of the Rocks St Andrews Scotland

St Andrews Harbour 
Balfour Place Shore St Andrews
St Andrews has been mentioned in transcripts, having a fishing harbour as far back as 1222, and another record dates from 1363.

St Andrews Pier
Balfour Place Shore St Andrews

The Pier originally built of wood was replaced in mid-1500. Confirmation the pier being of stone, records show of a great storm that damaged the ashlar on the pier in 1573. The pier was replaced in 1655. The pier and harbour walls have over the centuries be rebuilt several times due to storm damage.

Defence Canon

The Pends St Andrews

The canon face out to see to defend the town from invaders

From many countries, Spanish English American and French

Canon Defences St Andrews

St Andrews East Beach

St Andrews  Scotland

St Andrews East Beach (Sands) can be located on the south side of the old harbour. From St Andrews Castle keep to the coast road with St Andrews Cathedral on your Right. This is a popular beach which is safe for children.

The golden sandy beach with a wide variety of water sports.

There is a car park first aid facilities and toilet facilities available.

During Peak Summer there are on duty lifeguards and Café.

East Beach St Andrews
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