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The Scores St Andrews

Martyrs' Monument

The Scores St Andrews Scotland

The Martyrs’ Monument was built to commemorate four men.

Executed in St Andrews during

the 16th Century

Scottish Reformation

Patrick Hamilton

Patrick Hamilton was one of the first critics of the Catholic Church in Scotland to be tried and burnt at the stake, in 1528, for promoting the doctrines of Martin Luther.

Patrick Hamilton was of royal blood,

Patrick was related to King James V.

 

Henry Forest

Henry Forest was executed in 1533 Henry a Benedictine monk.

 Began his sermons with the story of teacher Patrick Hamilton,

 A Martyr for the truth. Archbishop Beaton had him executed for his sermons and beliefs.

Not by burning at the stake, but in a cell by suffocation away from the people. 

 

George Wishart

George Wishart age 33, died 1 March 1546, a Scottish Protestant Reformer and one of the early Protestant martyrs burned at the stake as a heretic.

 

Walter Milne

Walter Milne was the last Protestant martyr to be burned in Scotland before the Scottish Reformation changed the country from Catholic to Presbyterian.

He was burned at the stake for heresy outside Deans Court, St Andrews,

 in April 1558 at the age of 82

Martyrs' Monument St Andrews

Martyrs' Monument

The Scores St Andrews

Scotland

The monument was erected in 1842 to commemorate those put to death in 16th century St Andrews for asserting their religious beliefs

Restore in 2013

Martyrs' Monument Plaque St Andrews

Martyrs' Monument Inscription

St Andrews  Scotland

In memory of the Martyrs'

Patrick Hamilton, Henry Forrest, George Wishart and Walter Mill

Who in support of the Protestant faith suffered death by fire at Saint Andrews

between the years MDXXVIII (1528) and MDLVIII (1558)

The righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance

Martyrs' Monument inscription St Andrews

West Sands St Andrews

St Andrews  Scotland

View from The Scores

from the Martyrs' Monument

West Beach is close to St Andrews town centre, 2 miles of golden sand beach with safe swimming a board walk and picnic area.

This is also the beach that was used in the Chariots of Fire movie.

East Sands St Andrews

Robert Chambers House
The Scores St Andrews

Robert Chambers House St Andrews

Robert Chambers built this house

6 Gillespie Terrace (The Scores)

in St Andrews in 1863

after marrying his second wife in

North Street St Andrews in 1867 and lived here till his death in 1871. Chambers was top publishing house of its time in Edinburgh.

In 1844 he wrote

"Vestiges of the natural history of creation"

(A  theory of Evolution)

15yrs prior to Darwin. 

Robert Chambers plaque St Andrews

The Bandstand

The Scores St Andrews  

The Bandstand in the Scores

St Andrews has been used for over 100 years for concerts and events since it was built in 1905. 

Bandstand St Andrews Scotland

 Simple Sugars Plaque 

The Scores St Andrews

Near this site in 1903, James Colquhoun Irvine, Thomas Purdie and their team found a way to understand the chemical structure of simple sugars like glucose and lactose. Over the next 18 year this allowed them to lay the foundations of modern carbohydrate chemistry, with implications for medicine, nutrition and biochemistry. 

Simple Sugars Plaque St Andrews

St Andrews Aquarium

The Scores  St Andrews

St Andrews Aquarium with and outside area for sea Lions and many

Molluscs, octopus, shell fish, Sea horses, and many other creatures from the sea

in tanks inside.

Aquarium St Andrews Scotland
Aquarium Outdoor pool for sea lions

St Katherine's West

The Scores St Andrews

St Katherine's West is used for Admissions, and Registry to

St Andrews University. 

It is also a meeting point for guided tours of the University.

St Katherine's West St Andrews

Wardlaw Museum

The Scores St Andrews

The Wardlaw Museum is part of St Andrews University with free entry to all. 

The Museum has a selection of art, history, science and natural history in their collections

Gallery 1: Scotland’s First University

Gallery 2: Enquiring Minds Gallery

3: Reformers and Innovators Gallery

4: Expanding Horizons

Wardlaw Museum St Andrews Entrance
Wardlaw Museum St Andrews

Wardlaw Museum

The Scores St Andrews

The Wardlaw Museum is part of St Andrews University with free entry to all. 

JM Barrie creator of Peter Pan presented this sculpture to the students Hall St Andrews University when he was Rector in 1922.

Bones in The Wardlaw Museum St Andrews

The collection of Skeletons were collected in the 1800's and early 1900's

Bones in The Wardlaw Museum St Andrews

Patagonian Mara
Red Fox Skull
Tiger Skull
Coral Chunks
Alligator Skull Oystercatcher Skeleton

Bones in The Wardlaw Museum St Andrews

James Kennedy was Bishop of St Andrews after Henry Wardlaw.

He was Chancellor of the University

and founded the 

College of St Salvator in 1450.

It became known as Old College after

St Leonard's College was founded in 1512 and the new college of St Mary's in 1538

Bishop Kennedy's Skull Wardlaw Museum

Cast of skull of Pope Benedict XIII
He was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 May 1724 to his death in February 1730. Born Pietro Francesco Orsini and later called Vincenzo Maria Orsini.

skull of Pope Benedict XIII Wardlaw Museum St Andrews

The three medieval maces, the Mace of the Faculty of Arts (completed 1418-19), the Mace of the Faculty of Canon Law (mid-15th century) and the Mace of St Salvator’s College (1461) are of outstanding workmanship. The Maces are used in University ceremonies such as Graduations.

2 Ceremonial Maces St Andrews University
maces 2 St Andrews University

St Andrews Castle 

The Scores St Andrews

St Andrews Castle was first built circa 1070 the castle was erected around at the time of Malcolm III who also was behind the fortification of Edinburgh Castle. St Andrews Castle stands on a cliff overlooking the sea. It was a courtyard castle now in ruins.

The stronghold of the Bishops of St Andrews and where the murder of Cardinal David Beaton took place in 1546.

Also where George Wishart was burnt alive as a punishment for being a heretic.

St Andrews Castle St Andrews

Castle Ghosts

The ghost of Archbishop John Hamilton,

George Wishart

Archbishop David Beaton, Archbishop James Sharp

and

‘The White Lady’,

described as being clad in white

with a veil which hides her face.

St Andrews Castle St Andrews

George Wishart Plaque

 George Wishart age 33, died 1 March 1546, a Scottish Protestant Reformer was burned at the stake outside St Andrews Castle and was Hung on the Castle wall for all to see. One of the first Protestant Martyrs'. His Crime of being a heretic. 

George Wishart 1513 - 1546 Plaque St Andrews

GW Cobbles on Road

The GW on the road is where George Wishart was burned at the stake by Cardinal Henry Beaton, who later was assassinated by friends of Wishart 

GW on Road St Andrews
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