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St Andrews

St Andrews Scotland

Attractions and History

Over 70 things to see.

Monuments, Plaques, Statues, Museums, Historic Buildings

Gardens, Beaches and Golf Courses

Saint Andrew

Born circa AD 5 - Died AD 65

Saint Andrew or Saint Andréa's of Greece is the patron saint of Scotland.

His bones were brought from Greece by a holy man named Rule, later St Rule (Regulus) from the area of Patras in Greece in the mid-4th century AD. Rule protected the bones of Saint Andrew from the Romans by taking them as far north from Greece as possible ending his journey in Scotland.  Circa 1070 in the time of Malcolm III a church (St Rule’s Tower St Andrews Fife) was built to protect the bones of St Andrew.

Queen Margaret visited St Andrews on many pilgrimages and may have had

a part in the building of the church.

St Andrews Coat of Arms
West Port St Andrews

St Andrews Coat of Arms. on the West Port St Andrews
St Andrew statue St Andrews Scotland

St Andrews Coat of Arms
St Andrews Museum

Plaque Coat of Arms St Andrews Museum

It is believed that the area now known as St Andrews has been inhabited since the middle of the

Stone Age (10,000 to 5,000 BC).


St Andrews has an abundance of history on every street. When walking around the town look out for signs on posts and walls around St Andrews to help you understand the significance of various structures and ruins.

 Link to Streets
St Andrews Attractions
Historic Streets of St Andrews and what can be seen

The Pends Gatehouse St Andrews

Gregory Lane St Andrews

Gregory Lane St Andrews

The Roundel

South Street + Gregory Lane

St Andrews

A 16th-century Tower building dedicated for doctoral students studying divinity at the

University of St Andrews.

The college is one of five approved centres for the training of

Church of Scotland ministers.

The Roundel stands on the corner

of South Street overlooking

 St Andrews Cathedral.

The Roundel

James Haldenstone Plaque

Gregory Lane St Andrews

James Haldenstone was the

Prior of St Andrews from 1417.

He became Vicar - General

after the death of Bishop Wardlaw

of St Andrews in 1440.

He died in 1443 and he was interned

in the north wall of the

Lady Chapel of the Cathedral.

See the plaque for more details

 near The Roundel

James Haldenstone

Sir George Douglas of Loch Leven
Deans Court 
Gregory Lane St Andrews

Sir George Douglas lived in what was known as "Archdeacons Inns" as it was the residence of the Archdeacon of St Andrews Sir George was younger brother of  William Douglas who owned Loch Leven Castle where Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned between June 1567 and May1568. see more of the escape of Mary Queen of Scots with the help of the Douglas family from Loch Leven, on the plaque. George spent 6 years in France before returning to Scotland in 1574.   

Deans Court Gregory Lane St Andrews
Sir George Douglas of Lochleven

St Andrews
Fife Pilgrims Trail
Gregory Lane St Andrews

For over 500 years until the Reformation,

pilgrims arrived to worship at the shrine

of St Andrew where his

relics (bones) were kept, eventually

to be housed within the great cathedral.

The Fife Pilgrims Trail starts in

Ceres and ends outside the

Cathedral at Dean’s Court Gregory Lane

St Andrews.

The circuit takes you round over

twenty places of cultural, religious,

or historical interest.

Thanks to the members of the

St Andrews Preservation Trust

in their help planning the circuit.

Fife Pilgrim Trail  End Disc St Andrews

St Andrews War Memorial
Gregory Lane opposite
North Street St Andrews

St Andrews War Memorial

A Celtic cross with Sword of Sacrifice on the shaft,

on a stepped base.

With inscription on the shaft,

PRO PATRIA 1914-1918, 1939-1945,










and a Semi-circular wall to rear with bronze panels inscribed with names of 185 men who fell in WWI.

The Statue was unveiled on

the 23rd of September 1922

Attended by Field Marshal, Earl, Douglas Haig,


St Andrews War Memorial
St Mary's Place St Andrews

St Mary's Place St Andrews

Blue Stane
St Marys Place's St Andrews

The Blue Stane (stone) a prehistoric memorial stone, a place for meetings

and oath taking. Knights swore Failte to the kings of Scotland over it,

and passers-by would touch the stone

for good luck.

The legend of the stone has it thrown

by a giant from a safe distance

(The village of Blebocraigs

5 miles from St Andrews)

at St Rule who had usurped him.

Blue Stane St Andrews
Blue Stane Plaque St Andrews

Thomas Rodger's Studio
St Mary's Place St Andrews

Thomas Rodger, born April 1832 and died 1883. Rodger's photographic studio was built in 1866 in St Mary's Place

St. Andrews.

St Andrews University Library has a photographic collection of his work. Thomas Rodger was a pioneer of  photographer.

Thomas Rodger House
Thomas Rodger plaque

West Infant School Gateway
St Mary's Place St Andrews

This ancient Gateway built in 1846 in

St Mary's Place St. Andrews.

With teacher's house behind in

Tudor gothic Style. 

East boundary wall of playground

comprises part of mediaeval

Greyfriars precinct wall

Gateway West Infant School 1846 St Mary's Place St Andrews

Greyfriars Gardens St Andrews

Greyfriars Gardens St Andrews

 Greyfriars Monastery Well
Greyfriars Gardens St Andrews

Greyfriars was a religious house

of Franciscan monks in St Andrews,

from 1465 to 1547.

Founded by Bishop James Kennedy. 

The Monastery had  provision for 24 friars.

In July 1547, the friary was burned by

the army lead by Norman Leslie

(also leader of assassins of

Cardinal Beaton at St Andrews Castle).

The Monastery was completely destroyed, by June 1559.

The only part that remains above ground

is a well which is located in a private garden.

Greyfriars Gardens was part of the lands

the monastery stood on.

Greyfriars Monastery Well St Andrews
Market Street St Andrews

Market Street St Andrews

St Mary's Place and Market Street St Andrews are a continuous Street That stretches from one end of the town to the other.

Memorial Fountain
Market Street St Andrews 

George John Whyte Melville Memorial  Fountain

(1821 – 1878) Iconic landmark in Market Street St Andrews

Major George John Whyte-Melville he was a grandson to the 5th Duke of Leeds.

A soldier and novelist.

His father was a well-known

sportsman and Captain of

The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews. Educated at Eton joined the 93rd Highlanders

in 1839, Transferring to the Coldstream Guards in 1846 retired in 1849.

Whyte Melville Fountain Plaque

 Mercat Cross
Market Street 
St Andrews

Mercat Cross St Andrews 

The Mercat Cross once stood where now setts in the road mark where it stood.  Circa 1195 it was agreed that a Cross should be erected in St Andrews'

market-place on "the land of Lambinus" an open space where markets

could take place. It was also where executions took place hangings and burning at the stake. Pavel Kravař an emissary from Bohemia was burnt at the stake for heresy 0n 23rd July 1433.

Mercat Cross Setts St Andrews

 Paul Craw Plaque
Market Street St Andrews

Real name Pavel Kravař was executed for heresy, by burning at the stake in 1433 at the Market Cross

in Market Street St Andrews.

He was a religious reformer who was martyred for his beliefs.

Paul Craw Plaque Market Street St Andrews

Doubledykes Road St Andrews 

Doubledykes Road St Andrews

St Andrews Museum

Kinburn House  

Doubledykes Road St Andrews 

The Owner Dr David Buddo named his house after a battle in the Crimean War on 1855.

The Lord Provost lived here from 1872 - 1920 when the council acquired the house and gardens.

The Museum opened in 1991. 

 St Andrews Museum and Gallery has exhibitions throughout the year with gardens and activities for the children and a café and shop.   

The Axe was used to execute criminals in St Andrews in the 17th Century Memorial Bust of 

Wladyslaw Eugeniusz Sikorski who was Prime Minister of Poland and a military leader. He was also involved in the cause for the independence of Poland from the Russian Empire.

St Andrews Museum Kilburn House
St Andrews Museum Executioners Axe.jpg
Kilburn House St Andrews Museum
Art Gallery Exhibition Hall St Andrews Museum
General Sikorski Memorial Kilburn Gardens
Kilburn House Gardens St Andrews Museum

Canongate St Andrews

Canongate St Andrews

Hallow Hills Pictish Graves

Trinity Place of Canongate 

St Andrews

Hallow Hill Ancient Burial Ground

This burial site was first found in 1860 on ground called Hallow Hill where 20 Stone coffins were unearthed. The coffins date back to the 6th centuries AD Further excavations took  place in 1975-1977,

when circa 160 further burials were found

from the 7th century AD, Also a location

of a chapel and a cobbled road.

Hallow Hills Plaque St Andrews

St Andrews Botanic Garden

Canongate St Andrews

St Andrews Botanic Gardens are 18 acres of trees plants flowers and wildlife. Internationally acclaimed, as a

 'Hidden gem' of Scotland. Founded in 1889 by St Andrews University, moved to its present position circa 1960 needing more space. With a visitor’s centre and gift shop, a café. Climb on the rope structures and visit the tree house.

Botanic Gardens Sign Canongate St Andrews
Botanic Gardens Entrance
Bridge Street St Andrews

New York Cottage
Bridge Street St Andrews

Thomas Rodger was a photography pioneer

and took his first photographs

in the Garden of New York Cottage.

New York Cottage was where he lived for most of his life.

More info about him at his studio in St Mary’s Place St Andrews.

New York Cottage Bridge Street St Andrews
Thomas Rodger New York Cottage St Andrews
Buchanan Gardens St Andrews

Observatory St Andrews

Buchanan Gardens

In 1940 when an observatory was founded in St Andrews, bringing back astronomy to St Andrews.

It was 350 years ago in 1672 when James Gregory, established the Meridian Line.

St Andrews today has the largest operating optical telescope in the United Kingdom.

Open to the public by appointment.

St Andrews Observatory St Andrews

 Jo Grimond Plaque
Abbotsford Crescent St Andrews

Jo Grimond was born on 29 July, 1913 in St. Andrews. An officer in the British army during World War II and he was an author of a number of books one an autobiography.

He became the leader of the parliamentary Liberal Party in 1956 and promoted entry into the European Economic Community in 1955.

Jo Grimond Plaque St Andrews
Abbotsford Crescent St Andrews
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